THE WAR CEMETERIES
At the foot of the rebuilt Abbey Montecassino, underneath the flags of the countries of this world, there are graveyards followed by graveyards.. More than 16.000 soldiers of the World War I and over 107.000 of the World War II from overall 32 nations are buried here. In the fight against each other cruelly their lifes were robbed, now in death they are quietly united and together they warn about the scares of the wars. The more than 24.000 graves just for German soldiers established graveyard in the rocky landscape at the foot of the Abbey let us only suspect today which commanded war insanity there once ranted. Here, at the so named Gustav-Line in Italy, allied and German troops fought the biggest folk battle of the World War II. Approximately 50.000 German soldiers under the fire of 1.600 guns were supposed to hinder over 200.000 allied fighters to pass through. The world´s eldest Benedictine Abbey became completely destroyed and put in ashes by the heaviest bomb attack on one single building due to the fact that it was thought, German soldiers would have barricaded themselves there. Also the city Casino and other surrounding villages and cities were completely destroyed in due course of the fights.
THE POLISH CEMETERY SEEN FROM MONTE CASSINO
The Polish cemetery at Monte Cassino contains graves of more than one thousand Poles who died while storming the abbey in May 1944, during the Battle of Monte Cassino.The religious affiliation of the dead men is marked by each grave having one of three different types of headstone: the Catholic and Orthodox headstones are distinguished from each other by different forms of cross, while the Jewish headstones bear the Star of David.The cemetery also contains the grave of General Anders, commander of the Polish forces, who survived the war, dying in London in 1970.Part of the Polish memorial at Monte Cassino bears the following inscription, which translated from Polish reads:
We Polish soldiers
For our freedom and yours
Have given our souls to God
Our bodies to the soil of Italy and our hearts to Poland
The Commonwealth War Cemetery
The Cassino War Cemetery is the largest WWII Cemetery in Italy. The site was originally selected in January 1944, but the development of the battle during the first five months of that year made it impossible to use it until after the Germans had withdrawn from Cassino. During these early months of 1944, Cassino saw some of the fiercest fighting of the Italian campaign, the town itself and the dominating Monastery Hill proving the most stubborn obstacles encountered in the advance towards Rome. The majority of those buried in the war cemetery died in the battles during these months. There are now 4,266 Commonwealth servicemen of the Second World War buried or commemorated at Cassino War Cemetery. 284 of the burials are unidentified. Within the cemetery stands the Cassino Memorial which commemorates over 4,000 Commonwealth servicemen who took part in the Italian campaign whose graves are not known.
The Commonwealth War Cemetery at Cassino